In June, the Indian government imposed military rule in its North West state of Punjab, bringing to an end (for the present, at least) a widely-supported agitation. After three years of sporadic violence and intermittent negotiations, the agitation had become an armed rebellion based in the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Bharat Bhushan, in an article written before the assassination of Mrs Gandhi, identifies the economic, political and religious changes which contributed to the rebellion and possibly to her death.
Argues that the left has failed to develop a coherent housing strategy because of its attitudes to owner occupation. Fundamental political changes will only be achieved if the debate extends beyond tenure to challenge the existing structures of housing provision.
In 1981 the World Bank published the Berg Report, a critique of the economic policies pursued by states in sub-Saharan Africa. It was the object of criticism from liberal and dependency schools of thought. Sender and Smith argue that Berg was (in part) right and the critics wrong. On the way they identify some Left ideological baggage.